Northern Dog Day Cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)
Males call to females from the tops of trees. After mating the female deposits eggs inside living twigs. When the nymphs hatch they fall to the ground and burrow into the soil. The nymph spends 3 years underground. In the third year it crawls out of the ground and climbs the host tree. Before reaching the top it sheds its outer skin and emerges as an adult.
The population is not developmentally synchronized. Some adults emerge every summer.