#122 Common Vipers Bugloss

Common Vipers Bugloss (Echium vulgare)

30 June

A species of flowering plant in the borage family Boraginaceae. It is native to most of Europe, and western and central Asia and occurs as an introduced species in north-eastern North America. Bumble bees love the flowers. It is considered a noxious weed in some areas. It has attractive flowers, but the stems are covered with sharp spines that become lodged in the skin like cactus spines.

#121 Flesh Fly

Flesh Fly

29 June

Not identifying this to species level. Sarcophagidae are a family of flies commonly known as flesh flies. They differ from most flies in that they are ovoviviparous, opportunistically depositing hatched or hatching maggots instead of eggs on carrion, dung, decaying material, or open wounds of mammals, hence their common name. Some flesh fly larvae are internal parasites of other insects such as Orthoptera, and some, in particular the Miltogramminae, are kleptoparasites of solitary Hymenoptera. The adults mostly feed on fluids from animal bodies, nectar, sweet foods, fluids from animal waste and other organic substances. Juveniles need protein to develop and may be laid on carrion, dung or sweet plant foods (including fruit, nuts, and artificial foodstuffs)

#120 White Avens

White Avens (Geum canadense)

28 June

A plant in the rose family, Rosaceae. It is widespread across much of Canada, the United States, and Mexico. Readily hybridizes with the introduced Geum urbanum. Blooming occurs for one to two months in the summer; each flower has five white petals and five green sepals. Flowers are replaced by clusters of long, thin seeds each with a hook on one end that may catch on clothing or animal fur.

#119 Buttercup

Buttercup (Ranunculus sp. possibly R. repens)

27 June

One of a large genus of about 500 species of flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae. Most probably the creeping buttercup Ranunculus repens, which has extremely tough and tenacious roots. Buttercups usually flower in the spring, but flowers may be found throughout the summer, especially where the plants are growing as opportunistic colonizers, as in the case of garden weeds.

#118 White Clover

White Clover (Trifolium repens)

26 June

A herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). It is native to Europe, including the British Isles,[3] and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America. The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees[16] and often by honey bees.

#117 Black Swallowtail Butterfly

117 Black Swallowtail Butterfly (Papilio polyxenes)

25 June

Host plants: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne’s Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred. Females lay single eggs on host plants, usually on the new foliage and occasionally on flowers. The eggs stage lasts 4–9 days, the larval stage 10–30 days, and the pupal stage 18 days.

Winter is spent in the chrysalis stage, and adults will emerge in the spring to seek out host plants.[15] Adults will emerge in the mornings on a daily basis. First brood adults will fly from mid-May until late June, second brood adults will fly from early July until late August, and occasionally a partial third brood will occur that will emerge later in the season.

Members of the black swallowtail are long lived compared to other butterflies that inhabit temperate zones. They encounter little predation and are quick and agile if they are disturbed. However, mortality from predators will occur during roosting and during unfavorable weather due to the associated increase in predation. Adult butterflies are at the highest risk for predation when they are incapable of flight or are starved from poor weather. Winter is spent in the chrysalis stage, and adults will emerge in the spring to seek out host plants. Adults will emerge in the mornings on a daily basis. First brood adults will fly from mid-May until late June, second brood adults will fly from early July until late August

#116 White Satin Moth

116 White Satin Moth (Leocoma salicis)

24 June

Found in half shady, damp locations, such as forest edges and hedges with their food plants, but also in avenues, parks and gardens. They are common, but only occur in small numbers. Leucoma salicis is also reported from outbreaks (population explosions), but these are known only from historical times.

The larvae feed on Salix and Populus species. Pupation is in a loose cocoon between leaves, the pupa being glossy black with white spots and yellow tufts or hair. The moth appears in June, July and August. The males already begin to fly before dusk in the evening and often swarm like snowflakes round the poplars and willows at country roads.

#115 Eastern Kingbird

115 Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

23 June

The only widespread kingbird in the east. Common and conspicuous in summer, it is often seen perched jauntily on a treetop or fence wire, or sallying out with shallow fluttering wingbeats to catch an insect in mid-air. In winter in South America it takes on a different personality, living in flocks in tropical forest and dining on berries.

Forages by watching from a perch and then flying out to catch insects. May capture food in mid-air, or may hover while taking items (insects, berries) from foliage. In cold weather, when few insects are flying, may feed on ground.

#114 Canadian Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly

Canadian Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly (Papilio canadensis)

22 June

Smaller than Eastern or Western Tiger Swallowtails. Upperside of forewing with relatively broad black stripes; underside with marginal yellow spots merged into continuous band. Hindwing with numerous orange scales. Extremely rare black female form. Hosts plants: Leaves of birch (Betula), aspen (Populus), and black cherry (Prunus).

#113 Great Crested Flycatcher

Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)

21 June

A garden resident this summer where we have several tall trees from which it can sally after passing food. Great Crested Flycatchers are sit-and-wait predators, sallying from high perches (usually near the tops of trees) after large insects, returning to the same or a nearby perch. Their clear, rising reep calls are a very common sound in summer.

Eat mainly insects and other invertebrates, as well as small berries and other fruits. They eat butterflies and moths, beetles, grasshoppers and crickets, bugs, bees and wasps, flies, other insects, and spiders. These they’ll take from the air, the surfaces of leaves and branches, off the ground, from haystacks, from bark crevices, or from crannies in such human-made structures as fence posts and rails. Plant food includes small whole berries, the pits of which are regurgitated after the berries are eaten whole. Dragonflies, moths, and butterflies are offered to chicks whole, wings and all, but if they’re rejected, the parents crush the insects and re-offer them.