#259 Canada Warbler (Cardellina canadensis)

18 November

Sometimes called the “necklaced warbler,” because of the band of dark streaks across its chest. The adults have minimal sexual dimorphism, although the male’s “necklace” is darker and more conspicuous and also has a longer tail. During the breeding season 82% of the population can be found in Canada and 18% in the United States. In Canada the summer range extends from southeastern Yukon to Nova Scotia.In both summer and winter seasons the Canada warbler inhabits moist thickets. During the breeding season the bird “nests in riparian thickets, brushy ravines, forest bogs, etc. at a wide range of elevations and across a variety of forest types. In the northwestern parts of its range it frequents aspen forests; in the center of the range, it is found in forested wetlands and swamps; and in the south it occupies montane rhododendron thickets. The Canada warbler is one of the last birds to arrive at the breeding grounds and one of the first to leave. They may spend only two months there. They fly at night along a route generally south and west to the Texas coast, then to southern Mexico. The arrive at the winter grounds in northwestern South America in late September to early October.

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